Fort: Fort Lernoult, Detroit, MI (1779)

Built (1779) → Fort Lernoult → Became Fort Shelby in 1813 → Dismantled in 1827.

Built by: British. Ceded to the U.S. in 1796. Surrendered to British in 1812. Reclaimed by U.S. in 1813.

Military Use: Protect colonial settlements on both sides of the river. War of 1812.

Built by the British when they abandoned Fort Detroit. [Wiki]