Mine: Calumet & Hecla Mine, Calumet, MI

Various → Calumet & Hecla Mine → Closed

From: 1864

Owned by: Calumet & Hecla Mining Company in 1871, then Universal Ol Products in 1968.

Produced: Copper Ore

Method: Underground shaft mining.

Railroad connection: C&H Railroad

Stamp Mill/Smelter: 

Until: 1868 (strike). Mine dewatering pumps turn off in 1970.

Lifetime Production: 

From 1869 to 1886 it was the leading copper ore producer in the United States. By 1881 the mines had 16 shafts. By 1897 the Red Jacket shaft rached a vertical depth of 4,900 feet, the deapest in the world at the time. [Wiki]

The Calumet and Hecla mining properties were located between the original Calumet (later Laurium) and Red Jacket (which later assumed the current name of Calumet).  C&H was the largest operator of copper mines in Michigan. These C&H mines were first worked in 1866 and had 12 inclined shafts and one vertical shaft by the end of operations. Other C&H owned mines in the area had additional shafts.

The C&H Company purchased the Wolverine Tube Company in 1955, located at 1411 Central Avenue, just north of the Wabash railroad in southwest Detroit. Copper billets were sent by rail from the C&H smelters to Wolverine where theyu made seamless copper tubing.